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The knee is a complex joint with several ligaments and cartilage providing joint support and stability. When any of those ligaments or cartilage is compromised, the knee becomes unstable, potentially causing pain and making it difficult to perform common movements like bending, sitting or walking. Physical therapy can help alleviate the symptoms causes by various knee ailments.
The meniscus is a small piece of cartilage that stabilizes the knee joint, acts as a shock absorber and protects the femur and tibia from wear and tear. But a simple twist of the knee joint can cause the meniscus to tear, causing pain and instability at the joint. Unfortunately, due to the lack of blood flow to the meniscus, the cartilage does not heal well from injury. Many meniscus tears can be treated conservatively through physical therapy, but depending on the severity of the tear, arthroscopic surgery might be required.
The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is one of the major ligaments in the knee. Any type of torsion on the joint, such as a sudden stop or change in direction or landing on a twisted knee, can cause an excruciating tear to the ACL. It’s very rare to simply have a partial tear to the ACL. Once torn, it almost always requires surgical repair, followed by physical therapy to help regain knee strength and mobility.
Knee total joint replacement
Over the course of a lifetime, knee cartilage may wear down or completely away, depending on the amount of damage sustained to the joint. As a result, movement becomes very painful and the knee is almost non-functional. In these severe cases, total knee replacement (TKR) surgery is typically performed to help relieve pain and restore function. Physical therapy is a critical part of the recovery process, helping you return to normal activities faster.
Patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS)
Patellofemoral pain syndrome is a broad term used to describe pain in the front of the knee and around the patella, or kneecap. This condition is often referred to as runner’s knee. Any type of overuse, landing on your knees, activities requiring frequent kneeling or simply misalignment of the knee joint can cause pain. Proper stretching and strengthening around the knee can help reduce strain on the patella tendon and surrounding joint.
Extending from the hip to the knee, the IT-band is a bundle of tissue along the lateral part of the leg. Its sole purpose is for shock absorption and stability at the knee joint. IT-band syndrome may occur from overuse of the connective tissue. The most common complaint is pain at the knee, as well as along the outer thigh.
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If you are interested in learning more about Knee Pain Treatment, contact one of our offices by calling (855) - 4 - ATTAIN (288246) to schedule a consultation. We serve Brick, Shrewsbury, Fairfield, and Toms River, NJ.